Command terms are key terms and phrases used in IB examination questions.

Analyse Break down in order to bring out the essential elements or structure.

Apply Use an idea, equation, principle, theory or law in relation to a given problem or issue.

Compare Give an account of the similarities between two or more items or situations, referring to (all) both of them throughout.

Compare and contrast Give an account of similarities and differences between two or more items or situations, referring to both (all) of them throughout.

Contrast Give an account of the differences between two or more items or situations, referring to both (all) of them throughout.

Define Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, concept, or physical quantity.

Describe Give a detailed account.

Discuss Offer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented claerly and supported by appropriate evidence.

Distinguish Make clear the diffferences between two or more concepts or items.

Evaluate Make an appriasal by weighing up the strengths and limitations.

Examine Consider an argument or concept in a way that uncovers the assumptions and interrelationships of the issue.

Explain Give a detailed account including reasons or causes.

Outline Give a brief account or summary.

State Give a specfic name, value, or other brief answer without explanation or calculation.

To what extent Consider the merits or otherwise of an argument or concept. Opinions and conclusions should be presented clearly and supported with appropriate evidence and sound argument.