Command Term Question development for CLA
AO1 Knowledge and understanding
Command terms with definitions
Examples
Define
Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, concept or physical quantity.
Define three components of emotions.
Describe
Give a detailed account.
Describe the flashbulb theory by Brown and Kulik (1977).
Outline
Give a brief account or summary.
State the use of modern technology to investigate the relationship between cognitive factos and behavior.
State
Give a specific name, value, or other belief answer without explanation or calculation.
Outline three principles that define the cognitive level of analysis.


AO2 Application and analysis of knowledge and understanding
Command terms with definitions
Examples
Analyze
Beak down in order to bring out the essential elements or structure.
Analyze schema theory with reference to research studies.
Apply
Use an idea, equation, principle, theory or law in relation to a given problem or issue.
Apply sociocultural factors in happiness to look at world happiness.
Distinguish
Make clear the differences between two or more concepts or items.
Distinguish biological factors and cognitive factors in emotion.
Explain
Give a detailed account including reasons or causes.
Explain how one principle that defines the CLA may be demonstrated in one piece of research/one theory.



AO3 Synthesis and evaluation
Command terms with definitions
Examples
Compare
Give an account of the similarities between two (or more) items or situations,
referring to both (all) of them throughout.
Compare two models or theories of one cognitive process with reference to research studies.
Compare and contrast
Give an account of similarities and differences between two (or more) items or situations,
referring to both (all) of them throughout.
Compare and contrast the working memory model and multi-store model.
Contrast
Give an account of the differences between two (or more) items or situations,
referring to both (all) of them throughout.
Contrast cognitive factors in happiness and biological factors in happiness.
Discuss
Offer a considered and balanced review that includes a range or arguments,
factors or hypotheses.Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly
and supported by appropriate evidence.
Discuss how social or cultural factors affect one cognitive process.
Evaluate
Make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations.
Evaluate the reliability of one cognitive process: memory.
Examine
Consider an argument or concept in a way that uncovers the assumptions and interrelationships of the issue.
Examine one theory of how emotions may affect one cognitive process.
Justify
Give valid reasons or evidence to support an answer or conclusion.
Justify Loftus’s research on reliability of eyewitness testimony.
To what extent
Consider the merits or otherwise of an argument or concept. Opinions and conclusions should be presented
clearly and supported with empirical evidence and sound argument.
To what extent can case studies of patients with brain damage provide insight into memory process?