Command Terms With Definitions

Examples - Participant Activity

AO1 Knowledge and Understanding

Define
Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, concept or physical quantity.
Define what cognitive psychology is.
Describe
Give a detailed account.
Describe how the schema theory applies to human behavior.
Outline
Give a brief account of summary.
Outline the principles that define the cognitive level of analysis.
State
Give a specific name, value or other brief answer without explanation or calculation.
State the types of research methods used by cognitive level of analysis researchers.

AO2 Application and Analysis of Knowledge and Understanding

Analyse
Break down in order to bring out the essential elements or structure
Analyze the LeDoux's model of the biological pathways of emotions in the brain.
Apply
Use an idea, equation, principle, theory or law in relation to a given problem or issue.
Apply one of the cognitive level of analysis principles to happiness.
Distinguish
Make clear the differences between two or more concepts or items.
Distinguish the difference between people's beliefs about happiness and what psychological research shows.
Explain
Give a detailed account including reasons or causes.
Explain the factors which contribute to happiness.

AO3 Synthesis and Evaluation

Compare
Give an account of the similarities between two (or more) items or situations, referring to both (all) of them throughout.
Compare the Multi-Store model of memory and the Working Memory model.
Compare and Contrast
Give an account of similarities and differences between two (or more) items or situations, referring to both (all) of them throughout.
Compare and contrast the Photographic Theory of Flashbulb memories and the Emotional-Integrated Theory of Flashbulb memories.
Contrast
Give an account of the differences between two (or more) items or situations, referring to both (all) of them throughout.
Contrast the cognitive factors in happiness against the sociocultural factors in happiness.
Discuss
Offer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence.
Discuss how sociocultural factors affect one cognitive process.
Evaluate
Make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations.
Evaluate one theory of how emotions may affect one cognitive process.
Examine
Consider an argument or concept in a way that uncovers the assumptions and interrelationships of the issue.
Examine one interaction between cognition and physiology in terms of behavior.

Justify
Give valid reasons or evidence to support an answer or conclusion.
Justify how chunking information helps improve memory.
To What Extent
Consider the merits or otherwise of an argument or concept. Opinions and conclusions should be presented clearly and supported with empirical evidence and sound argument.
To what extent does the cognitive level of analysis determine behavior.